The Bosphorus has an important economic and geopolitical location because it is the only door opening to the Black Sea with Marmara, Aegean and Mediterranean and the other seas all over the world.
The Bosphorus where the most popular historical buildings located there; has a significant role in hosting millions of tourists every year. It is possible to see the Galata Tower, Topkapı Palace, Dolmabahçe Palace, Çırağan Palace, Bosphorus Bridge, MV Savarona, Rumeli Castle, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Castle, Anatolian Castle, Kuleli Military Highschool, Beylerbeyi Palace, Maiden Tower in this natural beauty; Bosphorus.
Top Landmarks in Istanbul Bosphorus
- Galata Tower
- Topkapı Palace
- Maiden's Tower
- Dolmabahçe Palace
- Çırağan Palace
- Rumeli Fortress
- Anatolian Fortress
- Beylerbeyi Palace
- Kuleli Military High School
- Bosphorus Bridge
Icon of Istanbul, Galata Tower
The construction of Galata Tower, which was also known as the Tower of Jesus in the past, is not known exactly. However, the estimated date of construction of the Galata Tower is mostly cited in the 500s AD. This tower is the most important and oldest monument in the historical Galata region. It was used by Romans, Venetians, Genoese, and Ottomans for different purposes throughout history.
The Galata Tower was originally built as the 'lookout point' in the region's highest place. There are many rumors about the origin of the name 'Galata'. Some say 'name similarity', but it is told that the name of those living in the Galatians was given to this land. According to another rumor, in Byzantium, because of the dairy business in the region, it was also called 'Galesu' which means 'milk production'. The fact that the name of the region is a little ahead of Sütlüce suggests that this event is not a coincidence. Another rumor is that Galata was called Galata because of the tribes of Gauls who crossed the Bosphorus and reached Pera.
Although the shape of the Galata Tower has changed many times since it was built, its position and dominance did not change. It always continued to be the city's skyline. As a result, it was built to a strategic point. The landscape dominated by the 9-story tower offers one of the most beautiful views not only of Istanbul but of the world ...
The Galata Tower, which has been heavily influenced by tourists today, is used for touristic purposes. The top-floor restaurant serves coffee, tea or food. It is a perfect spot for taking panoramic Istanbul pictures.
After the conquest of Istanbul in 1453 by Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror, the construction started in 1460 and completed in 1478; It is situated on an area of 700,000 square meters on the Eastern Roman acropolis in Sarayburnu, at the tip of the historic Istanbul peninsula between the Marmara Sea, the Bosphorus, and the Golden Horn. It was used as the administration, education and art center of the empire for approximately four hundred years from Fatih Sultan Mehmed to 31st Sultan Abdulmecid and it was also the house of the sultan. Although it was abandoned in the mid-19th century when the dynasty was moved to Dolmabahçe Palace, it has always maintained its importance.
One of the largest palace-museums in the world
After the establishment of the Republic of Turkey April 3, it became a museum in 1924 and is the first museum in the Republic of Topkapi Palace Museum, currently covers an area of about 300,000 square meters. Sur-i Sultani, built by Fatih by Kara and the Eastern Roman city walls and the Topkapı Palace, which is separated from the city by the sea, is one of the largest palace-museums in the world with its architectural structures, collections, and approximately 300.000 archival documents.
Elegant Symbol of Istanbul
The Maiden's Tower, the pearl of Üsküdar, one of the most beautiful districts of Istanbul, is one of the works bearing the traces of history. This historical beauty, which is adorned with the Bosphorus, which is surely encountered by those who come to Istanbul, is also influenced by its legend.
This unique structure, dating back 2500 years ago, lived a history equivalent to the history of Istanbul and witnessed the experiences of this city. From ancient Greece to the Byzantine Empire, from Byzantium to the Ottoman Empire, it has existed in all historical periods.
Maiden's Tower was transferred to Maritime Business in 1982. Today, a private company restored the Maiden's Tower and opened it for use as a restaurant.
Dolmabahçe palace One of the most magnificent buildings of Istanbul, the Palace was established in the most beautiful part of the Bosphorus. Even today, looking at the Dolmabahçe Palace, it is defiant in its flashy years. If you live in Istanbul or if you are visiting Istanbul for touristic purposes, you should definitely visit Dolmabahçe Palace.
The palace has a symmetrical plan and has 285 rooms and 43 halls and has two extraordinary doors.
Dolmabahçe Palace became the Presidential Residence of Atatürk with the proclamation of the Republic. It is of great importance for the Turkish nation to be built during the Ottoman period, to be the Presidential Residence and to be the place where Atatürk died on November 10, 1938.
Çırağan Palace, which is among the most valuable buildings of Istanbul, is located between Beşiktaş and Ortaköy. The construction of the famous palace was completed in 1871, during the reign of Abdulaziz. At the site of this structure was an old palace of the Tulip Era. Approximately 4 million gold has been spent to achieve the grandeur of today's Çırağan Palace architecture.
Çırağan Palace is a popular palace in the Besiktas district of Istanbul. Today Çırağan Palace, which hosts important weddings and organizations, attracts many people with its glamorous architecture and location. As it is one of the most important buildings in history, it adds significant value to the historical identity of Istanbul. For this reason, Çırağan Palace is one of the main places to visit in Istanbul. Nowadays, the Ciragan Palace Kempinski Hotel is available to people. Due to its central location in Istanbul, it is very easy to reach Çırağan Palace by any means of transportation and taxis.
Rumeli Fortress, located in Sarıyer, Istanbul, covers an area of 30 acres. Opposite the Anatolian Fortress, it is a fortress built in the narrowest and most current part of the Bosphorus, 600 meters. Completed in such a short time as 90 days, the fortress's three big towers have the largest castle bastions in the world.
Rumeli Fortress is used today as a museum and open-air theater. There is an open exhibition in the fort, and there is no exhibition hall. Balls, cannonballs, and artifacts that are part of the chain that is said to close the Golden Horn are displayed in the garden.
It is one of the best places to take great pictures in Rumeli Hisar which is one of the most beautiful places with its view according to the Bosphorus.
Anadolu Hisarı is a beautiful coastal area and one of the most beautiful settlements of Istanbul, located on the Asian side of the Bosphorus, one of the narrowest points of the Bosphorus before coming to Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge. The Anatolian Fortress was built by Yıldırım Bayezid for the conquest of Istanbul. It is also named as Güzelhisar (Güzelce Hisar) because of its beauty and beauty.
Anadolu Hisarı fascinates its visitors with its view of the Bosphorus and its beautiful nature. Güzelcehisar Café, located in the area where Göksu creek spills into the sea, is a place that Istanbul residents prefer for breakfast especially at the weekend. The views are spectacular.
The Beylerbeyi Palace was thought to be the summer residence of the Ottoman sultans and a state guesthouse for foreign presidents or rulers, and was built upon the request of Sultan Abdulaziz (1861-1876). The construction of the palace began on August 6, 1863 and was officially opened for use on Friday, April 21, 1865.
Beylerbeyi Palace offers views of the sea and attractive interior decoration as well as breakfast in its magnificent garden. If you want to have a palace breakfast in the palace garden and leave yourself to the wind of the Bosphorus, you can choose the restaurant in the area.
Kuleli Military High School
Kuleli Military High School, located in Çengelköy, on the shores of the Bosphorus, was founded in 1845. The aim of the high school was to train officers to the Turkish Armed Forces.
The Bosphorus Bridge (also known as the First Bridge) is one of the two suspension bridges on the Bosphorus, which connects the Black Sea and the Marmara Sea. The feet of the bridge is located in Ortaköy on the European side and Beylerbeyi on the Anatolian side.